A systematic review is a comprehensive and trustworthy synthesis of the available research evidence on a specific health question. Well conducted systematic reviews follow a rigorous and transparent methodology which aims to minimise the risk of bias in the results. This includes:
For these reasons, high quality systematic reviews are usually a more reliable basis on which to change an ineffective practice or instigate a new one than a single study alone.
Many of our academic staff and Higher Degree by Research students in the College of Nursing and Health Sciences are actively producing systematic reviews on important questions in health and social care. We have asked a selection of them to present their systematic review here with a clear explanation of what it found and why it matters to clinical practice.